What is Python?
Python is an object-oriented, interactive and a general purpose scripting language. It’s definite construction of the program makes it easily accessible for both small and large scale.
Its high-level built in data structures, make it attractive for Rapid Application Development, and for use as a scripting language to connect current components together.
Python reduces the cost of program maintenance due to its simple syntax. It supports modules and packages, enabling modularity and code reuse. The Python interpreter and its standard library can be made freely available and distributed.
Python can also be used as the script in Microsoft’s Active Server Page (ASP) technology.
Often, programmers fall in love with Python because of the increased productivity it provides.
Since Python does not deal with any sort of compilation step, its edit-test-debug cycle is extremely quick.
Python supports multiple implementations, including:
- Jython, scripted for Java Virtual Machine;
- IronPython for the Common Language Infrastructure,
- PyPy version written in RPython.
- Cpython scripted in C, and is a default implementation in Python.
These implementations work both in the native language and in other languages through the use of modules. Most of these modules work on a community development model and are open-source and free.
Python’s features include:
Python is a high-level language, hence it has nothing to do with low-level details such as managing the memory used by program, etc.
Python, does not need any compilation. You can just directly run the program from the source code by converting it into byte codes and later on translating it into language understandable by computers. This feature makes Python programs portable.
Python supports both procedure and object-oriented programming.
- In procedure-oriented languages, the program is built around reusable pieces of procedures.
- In object-oriented languages, program is built around objects that link data and functionality.
Python can be embedded within C/C++ programs to aid ‘scripting’ abilities for users.
You can create scalable Web Apps using frameworks and CMS that are built on Python. Major platforms for creating Web Apps include: Django, Pyramid, Plone, etc.
Sites like Mozilla, Reddit, Instagram and PBS are written in Python.
Apart from the above-mentioned features, few others in the list includes:
- Supports functional, structured and OOP programming.
- Enables dynamic type checking.
- Assists automatic garbage collection.
- Easily integrates with C, C++, Java and more.
Advantages/Benefits of Python
Some of the benefits of programming in Python include:
1. Presence of Third Party Modules:
Python is made capable of interacting with third party platforms due to the presence of Python Package Index (PyPI).
2. Extensive Support Libraries:
The Python standard library includes internet protocols, web services tools and operating system interfaces. Various high programming tasks reduces the length of the code. These are by default scripted into the standard library.
3. Open Source and Community Development:
Python language is free to use and distribute as it is developed under an OSI-approved open source license.
Further, its development is driven by the community which collaborates for its code through hosting conferences and mailing lists, and provides for its numerous modules.
4. Learning Ease and Support Available:
Python is easy to learn and read as it possess simple-to-learn syntax. The code style guidelines, PEP 8, facilitate easy formatting of code. Python is adopted worldwide due to its internet resource bank.
5. User-friendly Data Structures:
Python can construct rapid runtime data structures due to its built-in list dictionary data. Further, Python’s dynamic high-level typing reduces the length of support code.
6. Productivity and Speed:
Python is highly productive due to its object-oriented design, control, strong integration and text processing capabilities and testing framework. Python is the ultimate option for designing complex multi-protocol network applications.
7. It’s Free
Python is both free and open-source.
Python runs on all major operating systems like Microsoft Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X.
9. Widely Supported
Active community of Python support various web sites, mailing lists, and “netnews” groups. All these features are attracting many contributors to the platform
Demand for Python is extremely on the rise world-wide. The number of job postings is increasing day by day and even exceeding the number accounted for PHP, .NET. Career in Python is definitely going to be fruitful if the candidates possess good knowledge and skills on the subject.
Credit : ITJobsWatch
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